Teks Fungsional








ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT (Iklan)
Advertisement is a public announcement in a newspaper or on the radio, television, or Internet advertising something such as a product for sale or an event.It is a notice or display that is used to persuade people to buy some products. There are some products which are offered in the advertisement; including goods, services and job vacation.


ANNOUNCEMENT 
ADVERTISEMENT(Pengumuman)
Announcement (pengumuman) adalah pernyataan lisan atau tertulis yang ditujukan untuk memberitahukan sesuatu kepada orang banyak.
Pengumuman lisan minimal memuat:
a. kepada siapa pengumuman tersebut ditujukan.
b. isi atau dimaksud dan pengumuman tersebut. Pengumuman lisan biasanya singkat dan diakhiri dengan ucapan terirna kasih.

Example:
Attention, please:
To all passengers of Argolawu train, please get on board now. The train is going to leave in 5 minutes. Thank you.

Bagian-bagian pengumuman tertulis :
a. Judul atau jenis kejadian (The title/type of event)
b. Tanggal dan waktu (date and time)
c. Tempat (place)
d. orang/alamat yang dapat dihubungi (contact person/address)

Examples:


BROCHURE
BROCURE
A brochure or pamphlet is a leaflet advertisement. Brochures may advertise locations, events, hotels, products, services, etc. They are usually succinct in language and eye-catching in design, and usually using a headlines.
Examples:




GREETING CARD

GREETING CARD
A greeting card is an illustrated card used to convey an expression of friendship or other feeling. Greeting cards are usually given on special occasions, such as birthdays, Lebaran day or other holidays, they are also sent to express thanks or congratulation. Greeting cards are usually packaged with an envelope. They are made with various styles.
1. The purpose :
a. To congratulate someone’ achievement
b. To express sympathy on someone’s
c. To motivate someone on gaining achivement
2 . The Important points
a. Clarify a clear purpose
b. Use a appraisal diction
c. Accurate addressee

Examples:

INVITATION
Invitation
Function : to invite someone to attend an occation.
The Structure/Parts :
·         The Addressee (The person invited)
·         Salutation
·         The message (the content of the message)
·         The Sender
The requirements :
·         It should have an accurate addressee
·         It gives clear time, place, and activity
·         It provides sufficient information about the inviter.
·         Express that the writer is looking forward to seeing person

·         If there is a dress code, state it in the lower left-hand corner



NOTICES
NOTICES
Notices is defined as advanced notification or warning. People usually use notice to give information, instruction or warning. That’s why in the notice, people use a simple word with a simple font which is written in a placard or notice board.
Types of notice:
1. Command
Example:
·         Keep The Door Closed
·         Slow Down

·         Keep the Room Clean

2. Caution
Examples:
·         CAUTION wet floor
·         CAUTION Hot Surface
3. Information:
Example:
·         For Staff Only
·         Rest Area
·         Bike Route

4. Prohibition
Example:
·         Pedestrians Prohibited
·         No Smoking
·         No Parking
·         Don’t littering

5. Warning
Example:
·         Warning High Voltage
·         Warning Keep Out Of Children Reach
·         Beware of Pickpockets


POSTER
POSTER
A poster is any large piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface. Typically posters include both textual and graphic elements, although a poster may be either wholly graphical or wholly textual.
Posters are designed to be both eye-catching and convey information. Posters may be used for many purposes, and they are a frequent tool of advertisers (particularly of events, musicians and films) to communicate a message.
Examples:



Short Functional Texts
Short Functional Text adalah teks pendek yang berisi perintah, pengarahan, sesuatu yang harus dilakukan atau tidak boleh dilakukan yang dapat berupa larangan (prohibition), undangan (invitation), Kartu Ucapan (Greeting Cards),pesan pendek (short message), daftar belanja (shopping list), peringatan (notice), pengumuman (announcement), iklan (advertisement), dan lain-lain yang mengandung makna dan digunakan dalam komunikasi sehari-hari.


SHORT MESSAGES
SHORT MESSAGE
The function is to send an important message to other people.
Tips to write a short message:
1. Clear addressee (someone who receives the message)
2. Straight forward
3. If it is an instruction state it clearly.
Examples















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