English Lesson For Intermediate Level (tingkat XII SMK)
Kompetensi Dasar : Memahami monolog yang muncul pada situasi kerja tertentu.
Indikator : 1. General Information
2. Detailed Information
3. Taking Notes
GENERAL AND DETAILED INFORMATION'
We can find or get general information in advertisements, announcements, reports, bulletin, notices, letters, faxes, etc. Other wise, detailed information can be found by taking the interview, short dialogues or short talks.
Advertisement is a public promotion of some products or services. It functions to promote products,
services, and others to public.
1. What are mentioned as the duties of the assistant ?
2. What kind of person would like this job ?
3. How would you apply for this job ?
RINGKASAN MATERI DARI KLS 1,2 DAN 3 SMK TEKNIK oleh bapak Sunad
- Good morning
- Good afternoon
- Good evening
- Good night
- Hello, how are you ?
- Hello, good afternoon
- Good evening
- Good night
- I’m fine thank you.
- I am very well thank you.
- Not too bad
- I’m unwell
- Not very well.
- Hi, how’s life ?
- What’s news ?
- How’s everything ?
- How’s business ?
- Good to see you.
- How are things with you ?
- How are you going on ?
- Terrific / Greet and you ?
- Just fine thank you
- All right thanks
- Pretty well. What about you ?
- All right, thanks. What about
Saying good bye
- See you
- Good bye
- See you soon
- See you again
- Till we meet again
- See you later
- See you tomorrow
- See you tonight
- See you next time
- So long
- Good bye
- Keep in touch
- See you
- INTRODUCING / BEING INTRODUCED (perkenalan/diperkenalkan):
Here are some phrases and the responses for formal introduction.
- Good morning. My name is……..
- Please allow me to introduce myself
? I am........
- May I introduce myself ? I am …….
- How do you do ? My name is…..
- Let me introduce myself. My name
- Good morning, may I introduce our
here. His name is……
- Mr……this is……..my friend in this
- Good morning, how do you do
- How do you do. Nice to meet
- Oh, Hello, nice to meet you.
- I am pleased to see you.
- I am glad to know you.
- Nice meeting you too.
- How do you do Mr /
meet you. My name is….
- My name is…..
Here are some phrases and the responses for informal introduction
- Hello, I am ………
- Hi, I am…….
- Let me introduce my friend, her
name is Ana
Ana this is Chris my friend here
- Have you met my friend , Oky.
- Hi, I am….
- Hello, I am……
- Hello Ana, glad to meet you
- Hello Oky. I am Ana.
- THANKING (terima kasih)
- Thank you
- Thanks a lot
- Many thanks
- Thank you very much
- Thank you for your kindness
- Thank you very much for….
- I’d like to express my gratitude to
- I appreciate your kindness.
- I am the most grateful to you for…
- That’s very kind of you.
- You are welcome
- Not at all
- It’s my pleasure
- Don’t mention it
- I am glad you like it
- That’s all right.
- CONGRATULATING AND THE RESPONSES (ucapan selamat dan jawabannya):
- I’d like to be the first to
congratulate you on.......
- Fantastic / Terrific!
- Well done / nice one
- Congratulation on your success
- Congratulation on your promotion
- Congratulation on the birth of
- Congratulation on your 18th
- Thank you
- It’s nice of you to say so
- Thank you very much for
5. EXPRESSING COMMAND, PROHIBITION AND REQUEST (mengungkapkan
perintah, larangan & permohonan):
Here are examples of expressing commands, prohibitions and requests:
- Will you open it please ?
- Could you help me please ?
- Would you hold on a moment please ?
- Please sit down!
- Sit down please !
- Keep quite would you please !
- Would you be quite please ?
- Would you please come on time ?
- Would you mind opening the door please ?
- Don’t disturb me please !
- Don’t go home please !
- Please don’t smoke here !
- Don’t ever cheat!
- Don’t be naughty!
- Don’t be careless !
Responses for command. Prohibition and request :
A. Possitive response :
- Yes of course
- All right
- All right, I won’t
- Trust me
- That’s OKEY
- No, that’s all right (khusus jawaban would you mind)
B. Negative response :
- I’m sorry I can’t
- Sorry I can’t
- I am sorry but I have to ….
- I am afraid I can’t
6.EXPRESSING FEELING (mengungkapkan perasaan):
Here are some adjectives to express the feeling :
- hopeless = putus harapan - crazy = gila
- sad = sedih - frustrated = frustasi
- happy = bahagia - confused = bingung
- glad = senang - excited = senang/gembira
- anxious = cemas - nervous = gugup
- high spirited = semangat tinggi - low spirit = lemah semangat
- angry = marah - terrific = hebat
- excellent = bagus sekali - wonderful = heran
- terrible = buruk, menyiksa
- thankfull = berterimakasih
Adjectives ending in -ING (active): Adjective ending in –ED (passive):
- Boring = membosankan -Bored = bosan
- Confusing = membingungkan -Confused = bingung
- Exciting = menggembirakan -Excited = gembira
- Worrying = mengkhawatirkan -Worried = khawatir
- Embarrassing = memalukan -Embarrassed = malu
- Tiring = melelahkan -Tired = lelah
- Fascinating = menarik -Fascinated = tertarik
- Amusing = menggelikan -Amused = geli/lucu
- Astonishing = mengagumkan -Astonished = kagum
- Shocking = men. rasa takut/prihatin -Shocked = takut/prihatin
- Disgusting = menjijikan -Disgusted = jijik
- Horrifying = mengerikan -Horrified = ngeri
- Terrifying = menakutkan -Terrified = takut
- Frightening = menakutkan -Frightened = takut
- Depressing = menyedihkan -Depressed = sedih
- Annoying = mengesalkn -Annoyed = terganggu/kesal
- Satisfying = memuaskan -Satisfied = puas
- Disappointing = mengecewakan -Disappointed = kecewa
- Impressing = mengesankan -Impressed = terkesan
- Frustrating = memb.tdk puas(kesal) -Frustrated = tidak puas/frusasi
- Amazing = menakjubkan -Amazed = takjub
- Exhausting = sangat melelahkan -Exhausted = sangat lelah
- Interesting = menarik -Interested = tertarik
7. OFFERING, ACCEPTING, AND REFUSING (penawaran, menerima dan
-Would you like to go out for dinner ?
-Would you care to dance Mrs Brent ?
-Would you like desert ?
-What about dance Denise ?
-Do you want me to clean the machine ?
-Should I get food for the picnic ?
Accepting an offer :
-I’d love to
-That would be nice
-OK, sound great
-Just what I need
Refusing an offer :
-Sorry I can’t
-Sorry, I can’t. Thanks anyway.
-No, I can’t
-Thanks but I….
-No, it’s Ok. Thanks
-No, it’s all right really
8. ASKING FOR AND GIVING PERMISSION (minta dan memberi ijin) :
Asking for permission :
-Do you mind if I leave now
-May I come in ?
-Could I ………, please ?
-Excuse me, could I try to turn on the computer ?
-I wonder if I could borrow your camera?
Giving permission (positive response):
-By all means -Yes, of course Not at all
-Go ahead -Yes that’s fine
-Yes, why not -Yes certainly
-All right please do - Etc.
Refusing permission (negative response):
-I’m afraid you can’t do that
-You’re not allowed to…..
-You should not……
-No, I am sorry you can’t
9. EXPRESSING POSSIBILITY (mengungkapkan kemungkinan) :
(+) Positive :
(-) Negative :
-There ‘s a good chance
-It looks like
-It’s not likely/unlikely
-I’m sorry but I don’t think it’s possible
-It doesn’t look as though
10. EXPRESSING WANTS AND NEEDS (mengungkapkan keinginan dan
Some expressions used for telling wants and needs are :
-I’d like to have some rest
-I need some money
-May I have a cup of coffee
-What I need is
-May I have a needle and thread
-I want some paper to write a letter.
-I’d like some music
-I wish I could have a new car
-To make a cup of coffee, I need a cup, a saucer, sugar, coffee, spoon, creamer, and hot
The responses to someone’s wants / needs are :
-Of course here it is
-Let’s do it
-Let’s get it
-Sorry, I can’t provide it for you
11. EXPRESSING REGRETS AND APOLOGIES (mengungkapkan penyesalan
dan minta ma’af ):
Asking for forgiveness :
-I am sorry
-Please forgive me
-I’m really sorry
-Please accept my apologies
-I really must apologize for …..
-I’m extremely sorry for ……
-It’s all right
-Don’t worry . It’s ok
-It doesn’t matter to you
-It’s never mind
12. EXPRESSING / SHOWING SYMPHATY (mengungkapkan / menunjukan
simpati ) :
Expressions to show symphaty :
The responses :
-Are you sure, you’re OK ?
-Is anything the matter ?
-Please don’t worry about it
-Everything will be fine
-Can I do something for you ?
-There’s nothing to worry about
-I’m sorry to hear that
-I’m deeply sorry to hear about
-What a pity
-Oh dear. I’m so sorry to hear that
-Please accept my condolences / symphaty
-I’m all right , thank you
-I’m OK, thanks
-Wish me luck
-Please pray for me
-I hope so thanks
13. EXPRESSING CAPABILITIES (mengungkapkan kemampuan) :
Expressions used in talking about capabilities :
-Can you swim to cross this river ?
-When I was a small boy I could jump over theat big stone
-I can speak French quite well
-How well can you speak foreign language ?
-Are you able to finish the job ?
-How good are you at repairing machine ?
-Are you capable of taking care of this baby ?
The responses :
-Yes, I can swim quite well
-No, I can’t
-No, I am not able to…….
-No, I am not capable of……
-Yes, I am able to…..
14. EXPRESSING / ASKING PREFERENCES (mengungkapkan / menanyakan
pilihan ) :
-I would rather play badminton than tennis
-I would rather stay at home than go to the movies
-She prefers apples to grapes
-They prefer playing volleyball to basketball
-We prefer singing to dancing
-Which would you prefer…….or……?
-Would you prefer……or……..?
-Would you prefer …..?
-My father likes tea better than coffee
-I like reading better than writing.
-Do you like………. better?
-I like / enjoy ……..better than………
-I find………is more interesting
-My preference would always………
15. AN INVITATION (undangan ):
-Would you like to...
-Yes, I would
-Yes, I’d love to
-Yes, I’d like to
-That’s sound great
-Yes, I’d like to but
-I’d love to but I
-Because I have to…..
16. BARGAINING (tawar menawar):
-How much is it ?
-How much are they ?
-How much is this shirt ?
-How much are these shoes ?
-How much does it cost ?
-How much does this book cost ?
-What does it cost ?
-What do they cost ?
-What is the price of……
-It’s five dollars
-They’re fifteen thousand rupiahs
-That’s ten dollar and fifty cents
17. EXPRESSING CERTAINTY (mengungkapkan kepastian):
-I’m certain you’ll get a seat on that one
-I’m sure you’ll get one on the 8 o’clock.
-The 17.00 flight is certainly full
-The 17.00 flight is definitely full
-It’s likely that the 18.00 will be full
-The 18.00 flight is likely to be full
-I may get a seat on the 7 o’clock
-I might get a seat on the 7 o’clock
-It’s unlikely that they will manage the 21st
-They’re unlikely to manage the 21st
-There definitely won’t be a seat available on that flight
-You are sure that I won’t get a seat
18. GIVING AND RESPONDING TO COMPLIMENTS (memberi dan menjawab
Responding to Compliment:
-Do you really think so ?
-It’s very kind of you to say that
-It’s nice of you to say so
-Thanks .I need that
-You’ve made my day
19. EXPRESSING OPINIONS (mengungkapkan pendapat):
Asking Opinions :
-What do you think of….
-How do you feel about…/How do you like…
-What’s your opinion of….
Giving Opinions :
-Well, if you ask me
In my view
In my opinion
today’s TV program ?
Most of the TV programs are waste of time
There are quite a few good program
There are many good news and good information
20. AGREE AND DISAGREE (setuju dan tidak setuju):
-I think so
-I suppose so
-That’s (quite) true / right
-That’s (just) what I was thinking
-You’re (so) right
-I agree with you
-I am sure you are right
-I don’t think so
-That’s not right, surely.
-You can’t mean that
-No way / Non sense
-I’m afraid, I can’t agree with….
-I couldn’t agree more
-I don’t agree
-I’m not sure
-I don’t like the idea
-No, you’re wrong
We agree with some of it but not all (kami setuju tapi tidak semua):
-I see your point
-That’s a possibility
-You may be right
21. DESCRIBING PROCESS (menggambarkan proses):
Beginning : - First(ly)….
- To start with….
Later Stages : - Second(ly)….
- After that…
Ending : - Finally….
- The last thing is….
22.GOOD WISHES (harapan baik):
-Good luck !
-Every success with !
-All the very best !
-Enjoy yourself !
-Thanks….., You too.
-The same to you.
23. RECOMMENDATION /SUGGESTION (rekomendasi / saran ):
To make suggestion or give advice, we can use this pattern :
-How about / what about + Verb-ing…. ?
What about taking a rest here ?
How about going out for a walk ?
-Why don’t we / you + Verb-inf…..?
Why don’t we cut the bolt ?
Why don’t you go to the doctor soon ?
-S + SHOULD / OUGHT TO + Verb-inf. …..
You should go to consult the doctor immediately
You should help among others
You ought to come on time
You should always clean your hands before eating
You should never use dirty tools.
24. EXPRESSING NECESSITY / A MUST (mengungkapkan keharusan):
-You must put away the tools before you go away.
-You have to study hard
-You must not walk on the grass
-You don’t have to go now
-You must not smoke here.
-You must never smoke here.
25. EXPRESSIONS IN MAKING AND HANDLING RESERVATION (ungkapan
yang dipakai untuk membuat dan menangani pesanan).
Making reservation :
Handling reservation :
-I’d like to book………. please.
-I would like to reserve……….
-Can I make a reservation……
-Could I reserve……
-I want to book……
-I’d like to make ……..
-Yes, sir. ………
-Yes, madam. ……
-I’m sorry sir. We’re full this weekend
-Yes, of course.
-I’m afraid that all….have been reserved
-I am sorry. All……have been sold out
26. HANDLING COMPLAINT (menangani pengaduan/keluhan) :
Here are some expressions to handle complaints :
-I ‘m sorry to hear that
-I do apologize
-Please accept my apologies
-We were very sorry to hear about the problem.
-We regret that this problem has happened
-We apologize for the trouble.
27. MAKING ARRANGEMENT (membuat kesepakatan/ susunan acara) :
Here are some expressions for making arrangement :
A. Suggesting an appointment / date :
-What about + ing VERB……..?
-How about + ing VERB………?
-Why don’t we go to the cinema ?
B. Suggesting a time :
-Could you manage Tuesday ?
-Would Saturday suit you ?
-Are you free in the afternoon ?
C. Rejecting the suggestion :
-I’m sorry, I can’t make Tuesday
-Unfortunately I’m busy that day
-I’m afraid Tuesday’s out of the question.
D. Accepting the suggestion :
E. Confirming the arrangement :
-I’ll see you there at 2 o’clock.
-Shall we say 2 o’clock ?
-I look forward to seeing you then.